False dichotomy Definition: In false dichotomy, the arguer sets up the situation so it looks like there are only two choices. Tip: Identify the most important words and phrases in your argument and ask yourself whether they could have more than one meaning. But the criteria for getting an A have to do with learning and applying the material from the course; the principle the arguer wants us to accept (people who have a hard week deserve As) is clearly unacceptable. One action leads to another.
The arguer hasnt yet given us any real reasons why euthanasia is acceptable; instead, she has left us asking well, really, why do you think active euthanasia is acceptable? To prevent this terrible consequence, we should make animal experimentation illegal right now. Oversimplification an argument that makes simple of a very complex issue by using catchy phrases such as: It all boils down. Rather than address the argument directly, a person (like a politician) uses a red herring to divert attention from the actual argument by bringing up an unrelated point. Arguments, most academic writing tasks require you to make an argumentthat is, to present reasons for a particular claim or interpretation you are putting forward.Then theres a more well-constructed argument on the same topic. If this statement is true, it could mean that the acne medication is one of the best, but lets say the writer has ignored the fact that the medication has been proven to also cause other serious side effects. Advertisers show everyone enjoying a drink, a car, a restaurant, or any number of other products and hope to convince you that, because everyone else loves the product, you should too. Either way, its important that you use the main terms of your argument consistently. EX: Taking vitamin X is good for you since nobody taking it has become sick. Begging the Question (Circular Reasoning) you report what is true, repeating what you believe, only in different words. Whether these arguments are good or not depends on the strength of the analogy: do adult humans and fetuses share the properties that give adult humans rights? Ad hominem example: The governors speech about the education plan must be a lie because hes a known liar.